Dancing Mothers (1926)

Film Review

DANCING MOTHERS

Release Date: 1 March, 1926

Studio: Paramount

Director: Herbert Brenon

Starring: Alice Joyce, Clara Bow, Conway Tearle, Norman Trevor, Dorothy Cumming, Eleanor Lawson

Based on the play by Edgar Selwyn and Edmund Goulding; Scenario by Forrest Halsey

Cinematography: J. Roy Hunt

Synopsis

Hugh Westcourt (Trevor) and his daughter, Kittens (Bow), returning from a European tour, meet some new friends on the boat. Kittens is intrigued by an older man, Jerry Naughton (Tearle), and Hugh is fond of young and pretty Irma (Lawson). Wife and mother Ethel Westcourt (Joyce) meets her family at the dock.

Although they have been away for weeks, Kittens and Mr. Westcourt are soon going out every night and leaving Ethel home alone. Mr. Westcourt says that he has to work. One evening, Mrs Mazzarine (Cummings) drops by before going to the Roof Club; lonesome and bored, Ethel decides to go with her. Separately, Kittens with Jerry and Hugh with Irma are already at the club. Hugh demands that Jerry stay away from his daughter. Jerry agrees, saying that Kittens means nothing to him.

Ethel and Mrs Mazzarine arrive at the club and note Mr. Westcourt with Irma. Ethel confronts him, refuses to leave, and decides to spend the week-end with Mrs Mazzarine. After Hugh leaves, Jerry, who does not know Mrs. Westcourt, intervenes when a pushy drunk gets fresh with her. Ethel knows about Jerry and Kittens, and wishing to separate them, she makes herself friendly to him. She tells him she is French and visiting Mrs Mazzarine.

A week later, Ethel is still with Mrs. Mazzarine, and Jerry has been visiting her. He is genuinely admiring, and she agrees to go to his apartment for dinner. Thinking she has successfully separated Jerry and Kittens, Ethel decides against going to the dinner. However, when she phones to break the engagement, Kittens, who has forced herself into Jerry’s apartment, answers, and Ethel decides that she has to go to the dinner, after all.

Irma, who wants Jerry, visits and finds Kittens. She shoves Kittens into the bedroom. When Jerry comes home, he rejects Irma, and she vows revenge. Kittens comes out of the bedroom, and Jerry tells her to leave. She does not want to go; he pushes her into the kitchen telling her to go out the back way. He instructs his butler to get her a cab. Ethel arrives, and Jerry professes his love. She tells him the truth about herself. Kittens returns, finds another woman with Jerry, and demands to know who she is. She is surprised and agitated that her rival is her mother. At this point, Mr. Westcourt arrives, Irma has told him that his wife and daughter are in Jerry’s apartment. Hugh demands that his wife come home, but she refuses. Hugh and Kittens leave in a cab, and Ethel takes another cab to Mrs Mazzarine’s house.

Several days later, Ethel and Mrs Mazzarine are getting ready to sail to Europe. Jerry visits and tells Ethel that he is going too. She refuses to become seriously involved with him and asks him to remain in New York.

Ethel returns home to get the rest of her luggage for the trip. Hugh asks her to stay home and tries to kiss her, saying he forgives her flirtation with another man. Ethel pulls away from him. Kittens also pleads with "Mumsey" to stay, because, look what "Mumsey" has done to her. Ethel, disgusted, rejects them, takes her luggage, and departs.

Discussion

The surprising ending separates this domestic drama from the typical story of the loyal wife and philandering husband. Rather than the expected reformation of the husband and daughter and a family reconciliation, Hugh and Kittens have learned nothing about themselves and remain selfish and thoughtless. The mother concludes that they will not change and leaves them to go her own way.

This effectively acted drama is dominated by the resolute personality of the wife. She has given up a successful career to be a wife and mother and is somewhat self-effacing. However, she is strong-willed and refuses to be taken for granted or cheated on. An independent woman, Ethel does not need the security of a husband and a home. She has given up the other man and will make her own way, starting with the trip to Europe, far from her husband and daughter. They had gone without her. Ethel is a woman of the Twenties, with more freedom of self-directed action and less stigma of separation and divorce than women had encountered in previous decades.

The film is based on play of same name (August 1924 - June 1925, 312 performances on Broadway), by Edmund Goulding and Edgar Selwyn. The play was staged by Selwyn and starred Mary Young, Helen Hayes, Henry Stephenson, and John Halliday.

Alice Joyce plays the best role of her career with authority. At 36 years old, Joyce was a veteran of 16 years of film acting. She had joined Kalem Co., one of the earliest movie studios, in 1910 and by 1915 had appeared in over 150 short films. After 1917, Joyce continued her career for Vitagraph Studios. Her notable films included The Lion and the Mouse (1919), The Green Goddess (1923, with George Arliss repeating his stage success), and The Little French Girl (1925). By the middle 1920s, although still young, Joyce began to play matronly roles. Although very good looking, her a round face dominated by large eyes and rather thick figure gave her a mature appearance suited to roles as wives and mothers, for example in Stella Dallas (1925), Beau Geste (1926), and Sorrell and Son (1927). Joyce appeared in only four talkies and retired in 1931.

Clara Bow entered films in 1922 at age 17. In 1923, she signed a contract with producer B.P. Schulberg who featured her in a series of pleasant comedies. In 1926, Schulberg became a producer for Paramount Pictures and brought Bow with him. She has a supporting role in Dancing Mothers, one of her first films for Paramount. She portrays the perfect flapper, pretty, fun-loving, mischieveous, with a vibrant personality, but also selfish and sexually aggressive. Although not the star, Bow stands out, and her career soon was skyrocketing. The success of Mantrap (1926), her next film, demonstrated Bow's box office appeal, and It (1927) brought her top-level stardom.

Herbert Brenon had been a prominent director from the early days of cinema. Born in Dublin, Ireland, in 1880, Brenon came to the U.S. in 1896 and made his first film in 1912. He pioneered overseas location shooting and lavish spectacle. Absinthe (1913) was the first U.S. film made in France. He gained a reputation for skillful handling of actresses and literary properties and made good films for Nazimova, Norma Talmadge and Pola Negri. He helped close out the silent era with two fine films, Sorrell and Son (1927) and Laugh, Clown, Laugh (1928). Brenon is the director of two films on our list of Great American Films, 1921-1930, Dancing Mothers (1926) and Beau Geste (1926).

In 1928, Brenon was one of the most successful, popular and highly paid directors. Never comfortable or successful with talkies; his career faded in the early thirties, although he continued to direct films (mostly in England) through the decade.

References

An Evenings Entertainment, The Age of the Silent Feature Picture, 1915-1928. Richard Koszarski. University of California Press. 1990.